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Academic Units (universities, colleges and programs)

State & Local Gov't Agencies

Regional Organizations

Regional Research Efforts

National Organizations and Federal Agencies
Tools and Training

Focus on Water

Other Resources of Interest



Academic Units - Universities, Colleges and Programs

Armstrong State University

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] Armstrong State University is a four-year public university, part of the University System of Georgia. It is located on a 268-acre campus in suburban Savannah, Georgia, USA. Armstrong was founded in 1935 by Thomas Gamble, mayor of Savannah, as Armstrong Junior College. The institution grew into a four-year university in the 1960s. Armstrong currently offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in more than 100 academic programs through four colleges.

Link: Armstrong Atlantic University

College of Coastal Georgia

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] The College of Coastal Georgia is a public college located in historic downtown Brunswick, Georgia, USA. The College was established in 1961 and opened in 1964, making it one of Georgia's newest state colleges. The college is currently transitioning from a two-year community college into a four-year comprehensive institution and conferred its first baccalaureate degrees on May 7, 2011.

Links: College of Coastal Georgia and School of Arts and Sciences (including the Department of Natural Sciences)

Georgia College and State University

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] The GA College and State University is a public liberal arts university in Milledgeville, Georgia, United States, with approximately 7,000 students. Degrees are granted in four colleges: Arts & Sciences, Business, Education, and Health Sciences. It was designated as Georgia's "Public Liberal Arts University" in 1996 by the Board of Regents, and is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. It is a member of the University System of Georgia.

Link: Georgia College and State University

Georgia Institute of Technology

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] The Georgia Institute of Technology is a public research university in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. It is a part of the University System of Georgia. The educational institution was founded in 1885 as the Georgia School of Technology as part of Reconstruction plans to build an industrial economy in the post-Civil War Southern United States. Initially, it offered only a degree in mechanical engineering. By 1901, its curriculum had expanded to include electrical, civil, and chemical engineering. In 1948, the school changed its name to reflect its evolution from a trade school to a larger and more capable technical institute and research university. Georgia Tech is organized into six colleges and contains about 31 departments/units, with emphasis on science and technology. It is well recognized for its degree programs in engineering, computing, business administration, the sciences, architecture, and liberal arts.

Links: Georgia Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering

Georgia Sea Grant

Description: [text from their website] The Georgia Sea Grant program is headquartered at the University of Georgia. Georgia Sea Grant’s Mission is "to support research, education and outreach activities that promote environmental and economic health in coastal Georgia by helping improve public resource policy, encouraging far-sighted economic and fisheries decisions, anticipating vulnerabilities to change and educating citizens to be wise stewards of the coastal environment."

Links: Georgia Sea Grant, National Sea Grant

Georgia Southern University

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description [text from Wikipedia]: Georgia Southern University is a public university located on a 900-acre campus in Statesboro, Georgia, USA. Founded in 1906, it is part of the University System of Georgia and is the largest center of higher education in the southern half of Georgia offering 117 academic majors in a comprehensive array of baccalaureate degrees and master's and doctoral programs. The university is the fifth largest university in the University System of Georgia, with a fall 2012 enrollment of 20,574 students, Georgia Southern is classified as a Doctoral and Research University (2006) by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and as a regional university by the University System of Georgia.

Links: Georgia Southern University, Institute for Coastal Plains Sciences and the Applied Coastal Research Lab

Marine Institute at Sapelo Island

Resource type: Research Institution

Description: [text from their website] The Marine Institute at Sapelo Island (also known as UGAMI), founded in 1953, has been a center of nearshore ecological research on salt-marsh dominated coastal ecosystems since it's inception. UGAMI supports ongoing research by resident and visiting researchers in a broad range of disciplines, and also provides access and facilities for college classes to experience field research and gain an appreciation of the Georgia coast.

Links: Marine Institute at Sapelo Island

Marine Extension Service

Resource type: Service & Outreach

Description: [text from their website] Through its three programmatic areas - applied research, education, and outreach - MAREX serves a diverse coastal constituency. It educates student and adult groups about Georgia's marine resources and the importance of being good environmental stewards. It provides assistance to marine industries by finding ways to increase their efficiency and effectiveness and encourages the development of new industries that do not degrade the environment.The coordinated programs of applied research, advisory services and education carried out from offices in Athens and Atlanta and from facilities on Skidaway Island, Savannah and Brunswick extend economic and cultural benefits throughout the state and region. The Marine Extension Service is a unit of University of Georgia's Public Service and Outreach.

Link: Marine Extension Service

Sapelo Island Microbial Observatory

Resource type: Research Program

Description: [text from their website] The Sapelo Island Microbial Observatory (SIMO) is improving understanding of the fate of terrestrial and marine-derived dissolved organic matter in the coastal ocean through a focus on bacterial community gene expression patterns. This project is funded by the National Science Foundation.

Link: Sapelo Island Microbial Observatory

Savannah State University

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] Savannah State University is a four-year, state-supported, historically black university (HBCU) located in Savannah, Georgia. Savannah State is the oldest public historically black university in Georgia. Savannah State University's mission statement is "to graduate students who are prepared to perform at higher levels of economic productivity, social responsibility, and excellence in their chosen career fields of endeavor in a changing global community." The University is part of the University System of Georgia and is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

Link: - Marine Science Program, Department of Natural Sciences, Biology Faculty

Skidaway Institute of Oceanography

Resource type: Research Institution

Description: [text from their website] The Skidaway Institute of Oceanography (SkIO) is a multidisciplinary research institution located on on Skidaway Island, 16 miles southeast of Savannah. The Institute sits on the banks of the Skidaway River, with access to a diverse range of estuarine and coastal habitats. Its remote pristine location, convenient to coastal and ocean waters, guarantees a constant influx of visiting scientists and students seeking access to state-of-the-art research facilities, accessible research locations, and opportunities for collaboration with Skidaway Institute's interdisciplinary and internationally-recognized research faculty. Formerly an independent institution, in July 2013, SkIO merged with The University of Georgia.

Link: Skidaway Institute of Oceanography

University of Georgia

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] The University of Georgia is an American land grant, sea grant, space grant, research university with its primary campus located in Athens, Georgia, USA. It is the flagship university of the state of Georgia. The University is composed of eighteen schools and colleges, including Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, the Odum School of Ecology and the College of Engineering.

Link: Department of Marine Sciences, Climate and Society Initiative

University of West Georgia

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from Wikipedia] The University of West Georgiais a comprehensive doctoral-granting university in Carrollton, Georgia. The University is built on 645 acres.. Off-campus classes are available in Dalton, Newnan, Georgia Highlands College in Rome, and at several other community locations throughout the state. It has an enrollment of about 11,700 students.The University offers numerous programs of study at the Undergraduate, Graduate, and Post-Graduate levels through the College of Arts and Humanities, the College of Social Sciences, the College of Science and Mathematics, the Richards College of Business, the College of Education, the School of Nursing, and the Honors College.

Link: University of West Georgia

Valdosta State University

Resource type: Academic Institution

Description: [text from their website] VSU is one of the three regional universities in the University System of Georgia. It is located on a 168-acre campus at the heart of the city of Valdosta, Georgia. VSU serves over 13,000 undergraduate and graduate students. VSU offers classes at Moody Air Force Base north of Valdosta in Lowndes County, and Kings Bay Naval Base in Camden County. Degree levels offered at Valdosta State include: Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Education Specialist, and Doctoral. The university comprises the colleges of Arts and Sciences, Business Administration, Education, Arts, and Nursing. The Graduate School also includes the Divisions of Social Work and Library Science.

Link: Valdosta State University



State Agencies

Coastal Resources Division - Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Resource type: State Agency

Description: [text from their website] The Coastal Resources Division is the state agency entrusted to manage Georgia's coastal marshes, beaches, waters, and marine fisheries resources for the benefit of present and future generations. The Division's service area extends from the inland reach of the tidal waters to three miles offshore.

Link: Coastal Resources Division (of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources)

Environmental Protection Division - Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Resource type: State Agency

Description: [text from their website] The Environmental Protection Division is charged with protecting Georgia's air, land, and water resources through the authority of state and federal environmental statutes. These laws regulate public and private facilities in the areas of air quality, water quality, hazardous waste, water supply, solid waste, surface mining, underground storage tanks, and others. EPD issues and enforces all state permits in these areas and has full delegation for federal environmental permits except Section 404 (wetland) permits.

Link: Environmental Protection Division (of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources)

Georgia Forestry Commission

Resource type: State Agency

Description: [text from their website] Our headquarters is located in Dry Branch, Georgia. District and county offices are located throughout the state. Commission professionals provide a wide variety of services including fire detection, issuing burn permits, wildfire suppression and prevention services, emergency and incident command system expertise, rural fire department assistance, forest management assistance to landowners and communities, the marketing and utilization of forest resources and nature services, and growing and selling quality tree seedlings for planting.

Link: Georgia Forestry Commission

Jekyll Island Authority

Resource type: State Agency

Description: [text from their website] The Jekyll Island Authority is a self-supporting state agency responsible for the overall management and stewardship of Jekyll Island, obtaining its operating revenues from leases, fees, and island amenity operations. This income is used to maintain, develop, beautify, and promote Jekyll Island as a public beach resort and a world-class vacation and meeting destination. Jekyll Island does not receive any tax revenues for its operation. Through an act of the state legislature, the Jekyll Island Authority (JIA) was created to oversee the conservation, development and management of Jekyll Island. The JIA Board of Directors consists of members appointed by the Governor to serve four-year terms. The chairman of the board is also appointed by the governor to serve a one-year term and retains the chair until replaced. The Authority employs a full-time Executive Director who is responsible for the operation and promotion of the island, and for providing certain public services to island residents and businesses.

Link: Jekyll Island Authority

Wildlife Resources Division - Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Resource type: State Agency

Description: [text from their website] The Wildlife Resources Division oversees the conservation and management of Georgia’s wildlife in Georgia. Programs are focused on game animals, sport fish and nongame wildlife, which includes threatened and endangered species. In addition, technical assistance is provided to individual and corporate landowners for the management of wildlife on their property. Outstanding wildlife management programs result in quality hunting, fishing and wildlife viewing opportunities throughout the state.

Link: Wildlife Resources Division (of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources)


Regional Organizations

Chatham County - Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission

Resource type: Municipal Gov't Organization

Description: [text from their website] The Metropolitan Planning Commission is a joint planning agency for the City of Savannah and Chatham County. Each governmental body appoints seven members to the board. Two of these members are the City and County Managers. These fourteen members serve without pay and represent government, private enterprise, and citizens' interest groups. Commissioners are appointed for three year overlapping terms. MPC staff, headed by an Executive Director, research and evaluate issues and prepare information for the Board's consideration and action. [The MPC also has a resource page on Water and Natural Resources].

Link: Chatham County - Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission, Water and Natural Resources

Southeast Coastal Ocean Observing Regional Association

Resource type: Regional Observing System

Description: [text from their website] Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina make up SECOORA, part of the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS®). IOOS is a partnership among federal, regional, academic and private sector parties that works to provide new tools and forecasts to improve safety, enhance the economy, and protect our environment.
IOOS supplies critical information about our Nation’s oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes. Scientists working to understand climate change, governments adapting to changes in the Arctic, municipalities monitoring local water quality, and industries affected by coastal and marine spatial planning all have the same need: reliable, timely, and sustained access to data and information that inform decision making.


Southeastern Estuarine Research Society

Resource type: Regional Non-Profit

Description: [text from their website] A non-profit educational organization dedicated to the informal exchange of interdisciplinary information related to estuaries of the southeastern United States. SEERS promotes discussion of estuarine research, science, and management; promotes discussion of current research projects and management issues; and encourages participation of student colleagues. SEERS membership is largely, but not exclusively, from the states of NC, SC, GA and FL. SEERS typically meets twice per year, including the biennial CERF Conference. SEERS is an affiliate society of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation.

Link: Southeastern Estuarine Research Society

Regional Research Efforts

Georgia Water Science Center (US Geological Survey)

Resource type: Real-time and historic data access, data products

Description: [text from their website] Information on Georgia's rivers and streams. You'll also find information about groundwater, water quality, and many other topics.

Link: USGS Georgia Water Science Center

Georgia Coastal Ecosystems - Long Term Ecological Research Program

Resource type: Research Program

Description: [text from their website] The Georgia Coastal Ecosystems Long Term Ecological Research site (GCE) was established by the National Science Foundation in 2000. The study domain encompasses three adjacent sounds (Altamaha, Doboy, Sapelo) on the coast of Georgia, U.S.A., and includes upland (mainland, barrier islands, marsh hammocks), intertidal (fresh, brackish and salt marsh) and submerged (river, estuary, continental shelf) habitats. Over the coming decades, the Georgia coast is expected to experience substantial changes due to factors such as climate change, sea level rise, and human alterations of the landscape. The overarching goal of the GCE is to understand the mechanisms by which variation in the quality, source and amount of both fresh and salt water create temporal and spatial variability in estuarine habitats and processes, in order to predict directional changes that will occur in response to long-term shifts in estuarine salinity patterns. The GCE field site is based at the University of Georgia Marine Institute on Sapelo Island, and the program is administered at the University of Georgia Department of Marine Sciences in Athens, Georgia. Over 60 participants, representing 14 academic institutions and agencies, are currently involved in GCE research and educational programs. The GCE Information Management System provides online access to hundreds of core data sets, ancillary data sets from partner agencies, a searchable document and imagery archive, and a searchable bibliography of over 1400 publications from 50 years of research on the Georgia coast and Sapelo Island.

Links: Georgia Coastal Ecosystems, Long Term Ecological Research Program, National Science Foundation

Sapelo Island National Ecological Reserve

Resource type: Research Program

Description: [text from their website] Located seven and half miles northeast of Darien, Georgia, the Sapelo Island National Ecological Reserve occupies over one-third of Sapelo Island, the fourth largest Georgia barrier island and one of the most pristine. The reserve comprises 2,110 acres of upland maritime forest and hammock land and 4,000 acres of tidal salt marsh. The upland maritime forest is composed of a mix of native hardwoods. About 90 percent of the reserve's marshland is covered by smooth cordgrass.

The Sapelo Island Reserve is one of 28 areas in the National Estuarine Research Reserve System. This reserve is managed by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and is protected for long-term research, water-quality monitoring, education, and coastal stewardship. The NOAA Office for Coastal Management provides funding, national guidance, and technical assistance.

Links: Sapelo Island National Ecological Reserve, Management Plan, Site Profile, and Visitor Information


National Organizations and Federal Agencies

Association of Natural Resource Extension Professionals 

Resource type: Management Organization

Description: [text from their website] ANREP is a national association for Cooperative Extension Service (CES) professionals working in environmental education, fisheries, forestry, wood sciences, range, recreation, waste management, water, wildlife, and related disciplines. Members are active and retired CES employees at the county, area, state, or national level.

Link: Georgia roster

Coastal Services Center, NOAA

Resource type: Federal Agency

Description: [text from their website] NOAA’s Coastal Services Center provides the technology, information, and management strategies used by local, state, and national organizations to address complex coastal issues. The Center, which is housed within NOAA’s National Ocean Service, has offices and staff members in all six regions of the U.S. coastal zone.
      Many governmental organizations, particularly on the local and state levels, are not fully equipped to address the challenges associated with flooding, hurricanes, sea level rise, and other coastal hazards. It is for this reason the NOAA Coastal Services was created.
      The Center brings NOAA products and services to these entities, and develops new products and services as well. The Center’s core areas of expertise include geospatial technologies; training; and social science. Products and services developed by the Center include data, tools, training, and technical assistance.
     The Digital Coast, which was developed by the NOAA Coastal Services Center, is the delivery mechanism for many of the Center’s web-based products.

Link: Coastal Services Center, Strategic Plan: 2010-2015, Southeast Region

Coastal States Organization

Resource type: Advocacy Group

Description: [text from their website] The Coastal States Organization (CSO) was established in 1970 to represent the Governors of the nation’s thirty-five coastal states, commonwealths and territories on legislative and policy issues relating to the sound management of coastal, Great Lakes and ocean resources. Economically, socially and geographically, the states are as diverse as their individual coastlines, yet their commitment to common objectives in coastal and ocean management is what shapes CSO’s unique character. By speaking with “one voice” through CSO, states are more influential than by acting individually.
      Helping states to maintain their leadership role in the development and implementation of national coastal and ocean policy is among CSO’s most important functions. CSO works with Congress to shape legislation and arrange for state testimony and works with Federal Agencies to comment on proposed regulations. CSO advocates for increased federal funding and support for state-based coastal and ocean programs, as well as responsiveness of federal agency program administration and policies to state concerns.

Link: Coastal States Organization

Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation

Resource type: Research Organization

Description: [text from their website] The Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation is a private, nonprofit non partisan organization. The Federation was created in 1971. Its members are dedicated to advancing human understanding and appreciation of the Earth's estuaries and coasts, to the wise use and management of these environments and to making the results of their research and management actions available to their colleagues and to the public. Members of the Federation include academic researchers, public sector managers, teachers, consultants, students and others who are interested in estuaries.

Link: Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (formerly known as ERF: the Estuarine Research Federation).

Joint Ocean Commission Initiative

Resource type: Ocean Policy Advocacy Program

Description: [text from their website] The Joint Ocean Commission Initiative is a bipartisan collaboration of senior leaders representing a diversity of viewpoints and interests in our oceans and includes former members of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy and Pew Oceans Commission. A primary goal of the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative is to accelerate the pace of change that results in meaningful ocean policy reform.

Links: Joint Ocean Commission Initiative -- June 2013: Charting the Course: Securing the Future of America’s Oceans

Marine Mammal Conservancy

Resource type: Non-government orgainization

Description: [text from their website] The Marine Mammal Conservancy (MMC) is committed to protecting marine mammals and their habitats. MMC is a volunteer based organization that encourages the public to participate in the efforts to conserve and protect marine mammals and our oceans. The Marine Mammal Conservancy, Inc is authorized under a Stranding Agreement with the US National Marine Fisheries Service to respond, rescue, transport, and rehabilitate stranded and injured marine mammals under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

Link: Marine Mammal Conservancy

National Academies

Resource type: Nonprofit Institution

Description: [text from their website] The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council are the nation's pre-eminent source of high-quality, objective advice on science, engineering, and health matters. Most of our work is conducted by the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine.

Links: Current Projects page, Featured Topics page

National Marine Sancuary Program

Resource type: Federal agency

Description: [text from their website] NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries serves as the trustee for a network of 14 marine protected areas encompassing more than 170,000 square miles of marine and Great Lakes waters from Washington state to the Florida Keys, and from Lake Huron to American Samoa. The network includes a system of 13 national marine sanctuaries and the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Links: National Marine Sancuary Program, Southeast Region, Gray's Reef

National Park Service

Resource type: Federal agency

Description: [text from their website] The National Park Service preserves unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the National Park System for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. The Park Service cooperates with partners to extend the benefits of natural and cultural resource conservation and outdoor recreation throughout this country and the world.

The NPS manages several sites on the Georgia coast including: Cumberland Island (National Seashore), Forts Frederica & Pulaski (National Monuments), and the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor.

Links: National Park Service


Resource type: Non-government orgainization

Description: [text from their website] NatureServe is a non-profit conservation organization whose mission is to provide the scientific basis for effective conservation action. NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs are the leading source for information about rare and endangered species and threatened ecosystems.

Coastal & Marine Ecological Classification Standards program (and others)

Link: NatureServe


Tools and Training

Digital Coast (NOAA Coastal Services Center)

Resource type: Data, tools and training

Description: [text from their website] This NOAA-sponsored website is focused on helping communities address coastal issues and has become one of the most-used resources in the coastal management community. The dynamic Digital Coast Partnership, whose members represent the website’s primary user groups, keeps the effort focused on customer needs.

Link: Digital Coast

Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network (by NatureServe)

Resource type: Toolkit (methods, software), nonprofit

Description: [text from their website] The Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) Tools Network, coordinated by NatureServe as part of its Coastal and Marine Strategy, is one of the premier sources of information about coastal and marine planning and management tools in the United States and internationally. Coastal and marine planning and management tools help practitioners incorporate scientific and socioeconomic information into decision making. The mission of the Network is to promote healthy coastal and marine ecosystems and communities through the use of tools that help incorporate ecosystem considerations into management.

Link: Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network (NatureServe)


Focus on Water

Coastal Stormwater Supplement (to Ga Stormwater Manual)

Resource type: Planning & Management Document

Description: [text from their website] The Coastal Stormwater Supplement (CSS), like the state's Coastal Nonpoint Source Management Program, seeks to reduce the impacts of land development and nonpoint source pollution in a 24-county region located in southeast Georgia. Like the Georgia Stormwater Management Manual, it provides technical guidance that can be used to meet the post-construction stormwater management requirements of the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting program. It also provides technical guidance for permit applicants seeking Coastal Marshlands Protection Act permits (O.C.G.A. §12-5-280 through §12-5-297, as amended).

Link: Coastal Stormwater Supplement (2009) to the Georgia Stormwater Manual

Georgia Water Use / Watershed Project (Agricultural water)

Resource type: Visual (maps) & Tabular information

Description: [text from their website] Where permitted agricultural water withdrawals are accurately allocated to watersheds and river basins. [N.B. The data in this project dates from 2003, but may still be useful for some purposes.]

Link: Georgia Water Use / Watershed Project (Georgia Statistics System)

Water Issues in Georgia: A Survey of Public Perceptions and Attitudes about Water

Resource type: Extension Document

Description: [text from their website] This report summarizes the Georgia results of a survey project to gauge water resource awareness, attitudes, and behaviors among citizens across the country. These results reflect the opinions and perceptions of the survey respondents but should not necessarily be viewed as representative of the entire state’s population. The results provide useful information for water resource extension professionals and others to consider in developing content and strategies for public education and outreach.

Link: Water Issues in Georgia - a Survey of Public Perceptions and Attitudes about Water (2011)


Other Resources of Interest

Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange

Resource type: Nonprofit website

Description: [text from their website] CAKE is a free, innovative, online resource created to help you navigate the world of climate change adaptation (how we prepare for and respond to climate change). Managers, scientists, planners, conservation practitioners, and others are grappling with the realities of climate change in their daily work. CAKE, launched in July 2010, was built to support organizations, agencies, and individuals interested and/or engaged in climate change adaptation by providing a venue for open access information exchange between professionals.

Link: Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange

Coastal and Estuarine Science News (from CERF)

Resource type: Newsletter

Description: [text from their website] Coastal & Estuarine Science News (CESN) is an electronic publication providing brief summaries of select articles from the journal Estuaries & Coasts that emphasize management applications of scientific findings. It is a free electronic newsletter delivered to subscribers on a bimonthly basis.

Link: Coastal and Estuarine Science News  (Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation)

Estuaries and Near Coastal Biocriteria (US EPA)

Resource type: Case studies, technical assistance

Description: [text from their website] The presence, condition and numbers of types of fish, insects, algae, plants, and other organisms provide important information about the health of aquatic ecosystems. Studying these factors as a way of evaluating the health of a body of water is called biological assessment. Biological criteria are a way of describing the qualities that must be present to support a desired condition in a waterbody and serve as the standard against which assessment results are compared.

Links: Estuaries and Near Coastal Biocriteria


Resource type: Online Georgia almanac

Description: [text from their website] Information about specific aspects of Georgia - history, maps, counties, cities, wildlife, etc.

Link: GeorgiaInfo

Guide to the Shallow-Water Octocorals of the South Atlantic Bight

Resource type: Publication

Reference: Susan T. Devictor & Steve L. Morton. 2010. Identification guide to the shallow water (0–200 m) octocorals of the South Atlantic Bight. 62 pp. ISBN 978-1-86977-584-1 (Online edition).

Link: http://www.dnr.sc.gov/marine/sertc/zootaxa2599.pdf

Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor

Resource type: Cultural Organization

Description: [text from their website] The Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor (herein referred to as "the Corridor" or "Corridor") was designated by an act of Congress on October 12, 2006 (Public Law 109-338). It was authorized as part of the National Heritage Areas Act of 2006. As a national heritage area, the Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor is not part of the national park system; however, the act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to provide technical and financial assistance for the development and implementation of the management plan.

The Corridor was created to:

  1. Recognize the important contributions made to American culture and history by African Americans known as Gullah Geechee who settled in the coastal counties of South Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina, and Florida.
  2. Assist state and local governments and public and private entities in South Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina, and Florida in interpreting the story of the Gullah Geechee and preserving Gullah Geechee folklore, arts, crafts, and music.
  3. Assist in identifying and preserving sites, historical data, artifacts, and objects associated with the Gullah Geechee for the benefit and education of the public.

Link: Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor website, Map of the corridor, Management plan 2012, Special resources study

H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment

Resource type: Private Foundation

Description: [text from their website] Mission - To advance sound environmental policy based on rigorous science and economics to ensure a healthy, thriving world.

Link: The Heinz Center for Science Economics & Environment

The International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers

Resource type: Nonprofit group

Description: [text from their website] The International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) is an association of individuals and organizations interested in library and information science, especially as these are applied to the recording, retrieval and dissemination of knowledge and information in all aspects of aquatic and marine sciences and their allied disciplines. The association provides a forum for exchange and exploration of ideas and issues of mutual concern.

Link: International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN)

Resource type: Website

Description: [text from their website] The IUCN Species Programme working with the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) has been assessing the conservation status of species, subspecies, varieties, and even selected subpopulations on a global scale for the past 50 years in order to highlight taxa threatened with extinction, and therefore promote their conservation.

Link: Red List of Threatened Species (2014 list)

Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modeling Lab

Resource type: Modeling program

Description: [text from their website] Finite Volume Community Ocean Modeling (FVCOM) has been used to develop unstructured grid models of the Satilla, Ogeechee and Altamaha river estuaries. FVCOM is an open source code ocean community model that always welcomes new users. This program is only permitted for use in non-commercial academic research and education.

Link: The Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modeling Laboratory (Satilla, Ogeechee, Altamaha)

Marine Ecosystems and Management

Resource type: Online periodical

Description: [text from their website] A bimonthly information service on ocean planning and ecosystem-based management, MEAM serves the global resource management community with news, views, analysis, and tips gathered from experts around the world. MEAM and this website are published by Marine Affairs Research and Education (MARE), a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit corporation, in association with the University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental Affairs. Financial support for MEAM comes from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, among other sources.

Link: Marine Ecosystems and Management


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This page was updated April 6, 2017